Potawatomi – Native American Jewelry Tips (2023)

There are many good reference books on Native American topics that prove valuable when researching items in the estate lots that come into our store. Starting with a handful of essential hallmark books, our reference library has grown !

Below my signature at the end of this post is a list of many (but not all) of the books in our reference library.

Potawatomi – Native American Jewelry Tips (1)

Some we reach for every day, others only when a unique question comes up.

Potawatomi – Native American Jewelry Tips (2)

I reach for this 3 Volume set regularly – Zuni, The Art and the People

I’ve organized the books in my list by categories so that I can find them easier when I need them – that’s what the headings and abbreviations refer to.

Potawatomi – Native American Jewelry Tips (3)

As usual, comments are welcome. If you post in the comment section at the end of this article, other readers will be able to see what you have to say. Let us know if you have read any of these books – which are your favorites, which might have misinformation, which ones are trusted.

Potawatomi – Native American Jewelry Tips (4)

I am continually on the lookout for books to add to the reference library and that results in me (more often than I’d like to admit) purchasing the same book twice! Have you ever done that? That’s the main reason I made up this book list – so I can see at a glance what is in the library.

Once a year I go through the entire library to find the duplicates. Click on the book below to go to the page of extra books we have for sale right now.

Potawatomi – Native American Jewelry Tips (5)

Used Native American books for sale




AC Guide to American Folk Art of the Southwest – Lamb

AC Native North American Art – Berlo

AC Navajo Arts and Crafts – Schiffer

AC North American Indian Artifacts – Hothem

AC Southwest Art Defined – Booker


F Guide to Zuni Fetishes and Carvings – Lamb

F Guide to Zuni Fetishes and Carvings Vol 2 – McManis

F Native American Fetishes – Whittle

F Spirit in the Stone – Bahti

F Zuni Fetish Carvers McManis

F Zuni Fetish Carvers of the 1970s McManis

F Zuni Fetish Carvings Finkelstein

F Zuni Fetishes 1966 – Cushing

F Zuni Fetishes 1999 – Cushing

F Zuni Fetishes and Carvings First Edition 2004 – McManis

F Zuni Fetishes and Carvings Second Edition 2010 – McManis

F Zuni Fetishes– Bennett

F Zuni Fetishism – Kirk


FH Fred Harvey – Armstrong

(Video) Potawatomi Beading Stitch / Beading Tutorial for Beginner @5 minute Beadwork Native American Stitch

FH Fred Harvey Jewelry – June

FH Inventing the Southwest Fred Harvey Company – Howard

FH Native American Curio Trade in NM Battin


HM American Indian Jewelry I II and III Schaaf

HM Hallmarks of the Southwest – Wright

HM Hopi Silver – Wright

HM Little Book of Marks on Southwestern Silver – Hougart

HM Native American and Southwestern Silver Hallmarks – Hougart

HM Reassessing Hallmarks of Native Southwest Jewelry – Messier


H Book of the Hopi – Waters

H Hopi Following the Path of Peace

H Loloma

H Spider Woman Stories – Mullett

H Truth of a Hopi – Nequatewa


K Hopi Kachina Dolls – Colton

K Hopi Kachinas – Wright


M Mexican Jewelry – Davis and Peck

M Mexican Silver & Hallmarks – Hougart

M Mexican Silver – Morrul and Berk


NAJ Beesh Ligaii in Balance The Besser Collection – Torres-Nez

NAJ Collecting Southwest Native American Jewelry – Bahti

NAJ Evolving Southwest Indian Jewelry – Schiffer

NAJ Fine Indian Jewelry of the Southwest Millicent Rogers Museum Collection – Tisdale

NAJ Generations The Helen Cox Kersting Collection – Nottage

NAJ Guide to Indian Jewelry of the Southwest – Simpson

NAJ How to Invest in Indian Jewelry – Gillespie

NAJ Indian Jewelry Fact and Fantasy – Lund

NAJ Indian Jewelry of the American Southwest – Turnbaugh

NAJ Indian Jewelry on the Market – Schiffer

NAJ Indian Silver Jewelry of the Southwest 1968-1930 – Frank

NAJ Jewelry by Southwest American Indians – Schiffer

NAJ Masterworks and Eccentricities The Druckman Collection – Bauver

NAJ Native American Art 2018 Magazine

NAJ Native American Bolo Ties – Pardue

NAJ Navajo Jewelry A Legacy of Silver and Stone – Jacka

(Video) Potawatomi Stitch bracelet (updated )

NAJ Navajo Silversmith Fred Peshlakai: His Life & Art

NAJ Silver and Stone – Bahti

NAJ Skystone and Silver – Rosnek

NAJ Southwest Indian Silver from the Doneghy Collection – Lincoln

NAJ Southwest Silver Jewelry – Baxter

NAJ Southwestern Indian Bracelets – Baxter

NAJ Southwestern Indian Jewelry 1992 – Cirillo

NAJ Southwestern Indian Jewelry 2008 – Cirillo

NAJ Southwestern Indian Rings – Baxter

NAJ What You Should Know about Authentic Indian Jewelry – Conroy


NAV Navajo English Dictionary – Morgan

NAV Navajo Indian Myths – O’Bryan

NAV Navajo Taboos – Bulow

NAV Navajo Walking in Beauty

NAV The book of the Navajo – Locke

NAV The Navaho – Kluckhohn and Leighton

NAV The Navaho – Watkins


PL American Buffalo – Rinella

PL Black Elk & Flaming Rainbow – Neihardt

PL Fools Crow – Mails

PL Healing Power of Horses – Lessons from the Lakota – Baker

PL Indians of the Plains – Lowie

PL Keep Going – Marshall III

PL Lakota Belief and Ritual – Walker

PL Lakota Seeking the Great Spirit

PL Lame Deer Seeker of Visions – Lame Deer and Erdoes

PL Madonna Swan – St. Pierre

PL Offering Smoke – Paper

PL Red Horse Owner’s Winter Count – Karol

PL Stories of the Sioux – Standing Bear

PL The Journey of Crazy Horse – Marshall III

PL The Sacred Pipe Black Elk – Brown


R Guide to Navajo Rugs – Lamb

R Guide to Navajo Weaving – McManis

R Navajo Weavings – McManis

R Weaving a Navajo Blanket – Reichard


(Video) One Take | What is Smudging? (Short version)

REF Antique Jewelry Warman

REF Dictionary of the American Indian

REF Encyclopedia of Native American Jewelry – Baxter

REF Field Guide to Southwest Indian Arts and Crafts – Page

REF Idiots Guide to NA History

REF Indian Jewelry of the Prehistoric Southwest – Jacka and Hammack

REF Jewelry and Gem Buying Guide Matlins

REF Jewelry of the Prehistoric Southwest – Jernigan

REF Jewelry Warman

REF Native American History – Nies

REF North American Indian Jewelry and Adornment – Dubin

REF Rocks, Gems and Mineral

REF The Earth Shall Weep – Wilson

REF Warman’s Jewelry Price Guide


S Indian Jewelry Making Vol 1 and 2 – Branson

S Indian Silver – Navajo and Pueblo Jewelry – Bedinger

S Indian Silver Vol 2 – King

S Indian Silversmithing – Hunt

S Indian Silverwork of the Southwest, Illustrated Volume One and 2 booklets – Mera

S Navajo and Pueblo Silversmiths – Adair

S Navajo Silver – Hegemann

S Navajo Silver , a brief history of Navajo Silversmithing– Woodward


SYM American Indian Design and Decoration – Appleton

SYM Field Guide to Rock Art Symbols Patterson

SYM Heart of the Dragonfly Birt

SYM Picture Writing of the American Indians 1 & 2


T Arizona Highways Turquoise Blue Book

T Jewel of the Southwest – Turquoise – Osburn

T Turquois Pogue

T Turquoise and the Indian – Bennett

T Turquoise Jewelry – Schiffer

T Turquoise Jewelry of the Indians of the Southwest – Bennett

T Turquoise Mines Mineral and Wearable Art – Block

T Turquoise The Gem of the Century – Branson

T Turquoise The World Story of a Fascinating Gemstone – Lowry

T Turquoise Trail – Karasik

T Turquoise Unearthed – Lowry

(Video) Potawatomi Stitch Bracelet , How to make Beaded Beacelet , Bracelet Tutorial


T&M American Indain Ceremonies

T&M American Indian Stories – Zitkala-Sa

T&M Animal Speak – Andrews

T&M Encyclopedia of Native American Healing – Lyon

T&M Hisoric Books Detailing Native American Indian Religions – DVD

T&M Indian Legends – Clark

T&M Native American Dance

T&M Native American Mythology Gill & Sullivan

T&M Native American Myths and Legends Taylor

T&M Native American Traditions – Versluis

T&M North American Indian Mythology Burland

T&M Southwestern Indian Ceremonials

T&M The Sons of the Wind – Dooling

T&M The Spirit of Indian Women – Fitzgerald

T&M The Voices of the Winds – Edmonds and Clark

T&M The Wind is My Mother – Bear Heart

T&M The Wisdom of the Native Americans – Nerburn


TR America’s Indian Background – Walker

TR American Indians of the Southwest Dutton

TR Enclyclopedia of Native American Tribes – Waldman

TR Encyclopedia of Native American Indians – Hoxie

TR Encyclopedia of North American Indians – Ciment

TR Native American The Pueblos Erdoes

TR The North American Indian Images – Curtis DVD

TR The Story of the Cherokee People – Underwood


Z Figural Designs in Zuni Jewelry – Sei

Z Hopi Bird and Sunface in Zuni Jewelry – Sei

Z Kachinas and Ceremonial Dancers in Zuni Jewelry – Sei

Z Knifewing and Rainbow Man in Zuni Jewelry – Sei

Z Whos Who in Zuni Jewelry –

Z Zuni Jewelry – 3rd edition – Bassman

Z Zuni, A Village of Silversmiths – Ostler

Z Zuni, the Art and the People, Vol 1, 2 3 – Bell

Z Zunis, The by Zunis


Ray Manley’s Portraits and Turquoise of Southwest Indians” with text by Clara Lee Tanner.


Is it OK to wear Native American jewelry? ›

In short, wearing Native patterns or jewelry is fine as long as you bought them from an actual Native designer. And if there's something that you really shouldn't be wearing — i.e. a headdress with special religious or tribal significance — the artist you're buying from will likely let you know.

What is unique about the Potawatomi tribe? ›

The Potawatomi built large, bark-covered houses. They also built smaller, dome-shaped homes called wigwams. They grew corn and squash and gathered berries, seeds, and wild rice. They fished and hunted deer, bison (buffalo), elk, and small animals.

What did the Potawatomi wear? ›

Potawatomi women wore long deerskin dresses. Potawatomi men wore breechcloths, leggings, and deerskin shirts. Here is a website with Native breechcloth pictures. The Potawatomis wore moccasins on their feet and robes in bad weather.

How can you tell if Native American jewelry is real? ›

Inspect the quality of the materials.

A genuine piece will have no wavering lines or lopsided designs, well-cut stones that are uniform in size, and no visible glue between the metal and stone. Also be on the lookout for sterling silver versus silver-plated jewelry.

What is considered disrespectful in Native American culture? ›

Avoid sayings that diminish or disparage Native culture.

As mentioned above, don't say things like “let's have a pow wow,” “lowest person on the totem pole,” “too many chiefs, not enough Indians,” “Indian giver,” “circle the wagons,” etc. These phrases are disrespectful, and we still use them every day.

Is eye contact rude in Native American culture? ›

In many Native American cultures, the eyes are believed to be the window to the soul. If you look someone directly in the eye, you could steal their soul. Or they could steal yours. In order to avoid inadvertent soul loss/theft, eye contact may be avoided.

What are the Potawatomi colors? ›

The colors of the tribal seal are white, yellow, red and black representing the four sacred directions and the four races of mankind. The words across the top of the outer band give the name of the tribe, the Citizen Potawatomi Nation.

What is the Potawatomi tribe best known for? ›

They fought in many famous battles of the war, such as Braddock's Defeat in Pennsylvania in 1755 and the infamous Massacre of Fort William Henry in New York in 1757. Despite their loyalty, the Potawatomi were unable to stem the tide of war, which the British finally won in 1763.

What are some Potawatomi traditions? ›

Traditionally, the Potawatomi relied on hunted, fished, and gathered food resources in the summer but also maintained substantial gardens of corn, beans, and squash. Women also collected a wide variety of wild plant foods, including berries, nuts, roots, and wild greens. Men also planted and grew tobacco.

What are the Potawatomi spirit animals? ›

Today, the three most common Pokagon Potawatomi clans are thunder, bear and turtle.

What tribe owns Potawatomi? ›

Potawatomi Hotel & Casino, formerly Potawatomi Bingo Casino, is a Native American casino in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, owned and operated by the Forest County Potawatomi Community.

What clan is Potawatomi? ›

They traditionally speak the Potawatomi language, a member of the Algonquin family. The Potawatomi call themselves Neshnabé, a cognate of the word Anishinaabe. The Potawatomi are part of a long-term alliance, called the Council of Three Fires, with the Ojibway and Odawa (Ottawa).

Can DNA tell if you are Native American? ›

Could A Blood or DNA Test Prove AI/AN Ancestry? Blood tests and DNA tests will not help an individual document his or her descent from a specific Federally recognized tribe or tribal community.

Is Native American jewelry worth anything? ›

Many pieces of authentic Native American jewelry like squash blossom necklaces, Zuni rings, coral beads and inlay earrings easily command thousands to tens of thousands of dollars on the jewelry market.

What does it mean when a Native American gives you a necklace? ›

Traditional designs reflect the important symbols, motifs, and beliefs of the tribe by which they are crafted. For many tribal peoples, including the Navajo, jewelry's meaning can be spiritual, monetary, or aesthetic, or a combination of the three. It traditionally represented its wearer's status.

What do Native Americans prefer to be called? ›

The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name. In the United States, Native American has been widely used but is falling out of favor with some groups, and the terms American Indian or Indigenous American are preferred by many Native people.

What does Aho mean? ›

yes, I agree. amen (often exclaimed during prayers)

What is a cool Native American name? ›

Popular Baby Names, origin Native-American
AhanuHe laughs (Algonquin).Native-American
AhigaHe fights (Navajo).Native-American
AhoteRestless one (Hopi).Native-American
63 more rows

What is the most common eye color for Native Americans? ›

In general, ancient and contemporary Native Americans were predicted to have intermediate/brown eyes, black hair, and intermediate/darker skin pigmentation.

Is it disrespectful to wear Native American patterns? ›

Dressing up as a Native American is never appropriate. For years, classrooms across the country have included special days where students "dress up" as Native Americans for different celebrations and lesson activities. Often, the outfits people wear to look "Indian" have nothing to do with Native people and cultures.

Do Native Americans believe in God? ›

We further believe that many of our Native traditions affirm the presence of God, our need for right relationship with our Creator and the world around us, and a call for holy living.

What is the Potawatomi symbol? ›

The first Tribal Seal was created in the 1970s by Secretary/Treasurer Beverly Hughes. It was a black circle with “Great Seal of the Citizen Band of Potawatomi Indians of Oklahoma” inside the edge and featured a crossed Cherokee-style pipe and tomahawk over a fire with three logs.

How do you get a Potawatomi name? ›

An aspect of traditional Potawatomi culture, the naming ceremony, has reemerged in recent years. Traditionally, Potawatomi believe that when a child is born, the Creator cannot see their face. In order to show the child to the Creator, the tribe would have a ceremony and the child was given a name.

What are the Potawatomi tribal symbols? ›

Flowers, buds, pine cones, feathers, elk's horn and rabbits' feet are also well worn symbols while Ottertail designs are typical on bandoliers and sashes, along with turbans made from the aquatic mammal. More symbolism for the Potawatomi comes from decadency of Clan.

How much money do Potawatomi Indians get? ›

The Citizen Potawatomi Nation received $170 million in funding from the American Rescue Plan Act from the U.S. Treasury. At this time U.S. Treasury has provided interim rules, with plans to finalize the guidance in July 2021.

How do you introduce yourself on Potawatomi? ›

So when you introduce yourself you can say… Bodéwadmi ndaw.

How many Potawatomi are left? ›

The Citizen Potawatomi Nation is the federally-recognized government of our people and represents over 38,000 tribal members.

What did the Potawatomi worship? ›

Many know about the Citizen Potawatomi's long ties to the Catholic Church, with French missionaries first introducing the Christian religion to the tribes of the Great Lakes region as far back as the 17th century.

What are the values of Potawatomi? ›

Our Core Values: Love, Respect, Courage, Honesty, Wisdom, Humility, and Truth.

How do you say beautiful in Potawatomi? ›

Here are some instances (followed by a "sounds like in English" and a Potawatomi example):
  1. ey, as in English hey, Potawatomi: dIneym (my husband)
  2. ay, as in English die, Potawatomi: misho naynuk (our grandfathers)
  3. aw, as in English cow, Potawatomi: ahaw (okay)
  4. iw, as in beautiful or Kyoto, Potawatomi: iwgwien (thanks)

How can I find out my spirit animal? ›

A few techniques for discovering your spirit animal
  1. Learn about the animal connections in your own lineage. ...
  2. Pay attention to your dreams. ...
  3. Think about your past connections to certain animals. ...
  4. Journal about the animals that you feel drawn to. ...
  5. Take a quiz. ...
  6. Bear. ...
  7. Butterfly. ...
  8. Cat.
Jan 25, 2023

Who is the Potawatomi chief? ›

Shabonee, also spelled Shabbona, (born c. 1775, near Maumee River [Ohio, U.S.]—died July 17, 1859, Morris, Ill., U.S.), Potawatomi Indian chief, hero of a Paul Revere-style ride through northern Illinois in 1832, the purpose of which was to warn white settlers of an imminent Indian raid during the Black Hawk War.

How do you say dog in Potawatomi? ›

Welcome to our Potawatomi vocabulary page!
Potawatomi Word Set.
English (Français)Potawatomi words
Dog (Chien)Numosh
Sun (Soleil)Kizes
Moon (Lune)Tpukizes
Water (Eau)Mbish
16 more rows

How do I join the Potawatomi tribe? ›

Enrollment in the Citizen Potawatomi Nation is based on descendancy only. A biological parent must be an enrolled member for the applicant to be eligible to become a Tribal citizen. The application process is very simple, but it must be filled out completely and a birth certificate is needed to confirm descendency.

Who was the last Potawatomi chief? ›

Simon Kahquados, last known Chief of the Wisconsin Potawatomi is born at Black Earth Village in Kewaunee County.

Does Potawatomi give you anything for your birthday? ›

Play the wheel spin kiosk game anytime during your birthday month to win $5–$250 in FKC Reward Play (valid for five days). Then, enter the monthly drawing for the chance to win a share of $10,000!

How do you say hello in Potawatomi? ›

You will almost always use some of this material when you speak with other people in Potawatomi. Bosho! For many students, bosho is one of the first words that they learn. Bosho means "hello", and can be used as a greeting to other people.

How do you say mother in Potawatomi? ›

  1. nos - my father.
  2. ggyenan - our mother.
  3. mesho - grandfather.
  4. nmeshomes - my grandfather.
  5. nmeshomseben - my grandfather (deceased)
  6. gmeshomsenan - our grandfather also thunders, also big drum.
  7. gmeshomsenanek - our grandfathers also thunders, also big drums.
  8. nokmes - my grandmother.

Who were the female leaders of the Potawatomi? ›

Throughout Potawatomi history, women have contributed to Nishnabé communities in innumerable ways. Some prominent female leaders since the 1800s include Massaw, Watseka, Mary Ann Benache, Joyce Abel, Beverly Hughes and more.

Can you be 100 percent Native American? ›

They will not count blood from Red Lake, which is another Ojibwa reservation. They will not count blood from another tribe. So you actually do find some people who are citizens of a native nation that have a 25 percent blood quantum, even though they might be 100 percent native.

Do you have to prove Native American? ›

When establishing descent from an Indian tribe for membership and enrollment purposes, the individual must provide genealogical documentation. The documentation must prove that the individual lineally descends from an ancestor who was a member of the federally recognized tribe from which the individual claims descent.

Will 23andme tell me if I'm native? ›

Your results may include evidence of DNA from the native peoples of North, Central, and South America, labeled "Indigenous American." In addition, you may receive a likely or highly likely match to one or more of 8 the genetic groups identified in our analyses within North America.

Is selling Native American jewelry legal? ›

All products must be marketed truthfully regarding the tribal enrollment of the producers so as not to mislead the consumer. It is illegal to market art or craftwork using the name of a tribe if a member, or certified Indian artisan, of that tribe did not actually create the art or craftwork.

How do you store Native American jewelry? ›

Storing your jewelry in airtight bags will protect it from exposure to the air which can cause tarnishing. One exception to this rule concerns pieces which have been intentionally oxidized to give them a vintage look. These pieces should not be placed in an airtight container, as that may remove the oxidization.

Can non natives wear beadwork? ›

Non-Indigenous people can bead if they're not appropriating Native design or symbols, but be aware that the tassels and designs that you see from many makers are actually still Native originating designs, not European!

What does Native American jewelry symbolize? ›

Traditional designs reflect the important symbols, motifs, and beliefs of the tribe by which they are crafted. For many tribal peoples, including the Navajo, jewelry's meaning can be spiritual, monetary, or aesthetic, or a combination of the three. It traditionally represented its wearer's status.

Is it cultural appropriation to wear Native earrings? ›

If the earrings in question are traditional Native American earrings, then it is generally considered to be cultural appropriation if they are worn by someone who is not Native American.

Is it cultural appropriation to wear indigenous beaded earrings? ›

A common question beaders come across is, "Is it cultural appropriation for a non-Indigenous person to wear Indigenous-made beaded earrings?" No. This is widely shared view among Indigenous peers in the beading community. Purchasing Indigenous-made earrings shows support and deep reverence for Indigenous Peoples.

What are the two different types of Native American beadwork? ›

Beadwork is an art form expressed and practiced throughout Native American Tribes. Each tribe has designs, colors, patterns and techniques that they are identified by. There are many styles of beading, but two very distinct types include the lazy stitch—often called lane stitch, and the tack or flat stitch.

Is it OK to wear Indigenous clothing? ›

If a product is made for only Indigenous people, then it will clearly state that in either the product description or website. If you're still unsure if it's appropriate for you, then you should ask before you buy it. People wearing products with Indigenous designs should feel comfortable and proud wearing it.

Why do natives wear turquoise? ›

All peoples believed turquoise to be the happiest stone. It was used both in jewelry and for ritual purposes on all the continents. Records of it are met in the very first works about gems, as well as in a number of myths (especially those of the Navajo Indians).

What does it mean when a Native American gives you a gift? ›

The tradition shows respect to the receiver of the gift, as well as to their family and ancestors. It is also a way to show appreciation of knowledge that is exchanged – when seeking guidance or advice, or for assistance from those with distinct abilities such as healers and ceremonialists.

What is the yellow stone in Native American jewelry? ›

Amber is an organic gem formed from the hardened, fossilized sap or resin of pine trees. It is a beautiful gem that is cut and polished and used as a valuable gemstone.

What are the 3 types of cultural appropriation? ›

According to Rodgers (2006) there are four types of cultural appropriation: exchange, dominance, exploitation, and transculturation.

Do Native American men wear earrings? ›

Earring collection of artist and earring collector, Camille Sine. Both Native men and women alike craft, gift, and wear the unique tribal accessory, just as our ancestors have.

Can a white person wear beaded earrings? ›

Is it cultural appropriation for a white person to make beaded earrings and bracelets with seed beads? No. That's fine. Don't try to copy a Native American design and pass it off as an Authentic Native American item.

What are the 4 types of cultural appropriation? ›

Defined as the use of a culture's symbols, artifacts, genres, rituals, or technologies by members of another culture, cultural appropriation can be placed into 4 categories: exchange, dominance, exploitation, and transculturation.

Are fringe earrings Indigenous? ›

Earrings with a beaded fringe are a classic Indigenous style that found mainstream popularity through Native beadwork, Furioso says.

What is an example of Indigenous cultural appropriation? ›

Some examples of cultural appropriation include the sale of ceremonial objects and craftwork, such as dream catchers, by non-Indigenous people; the use of traditional medicines and health practices by those outside the community; and the use of Indigenous designs or stereotypical images in fashion, advertising, ...


1. What's the difference between Ojibwe & Dakota beadwork? | Worn Within
(Twin Cities PBS)
2. Potawatomi Beaded Bracelet || Favorite Color Jewelry // Beebeecraft Material
(DIY with Bhabana)
3. Five designs of Potawatomi Stitch
(DIY with Bhabana)
4. Raupp Museum - Potawatomi Pathways
(Buffalo Grove Park District)
5. Potawatomi Weave Bracelet
(Beading Away)
6. Wire & Native Bead Weaving Ring Tutorial - Potawatomi Stitch (Daisy Chain)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Ray Christiansen

Last Updated: 03/27/2023

Views: 6093

Rating: 4.9 / 5 (69 voted)

Reviews: 92% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Ray Christiansen

Birthday: 1998-05-04

Address: Apt. 814 34339 Sauer Islands, Hirtheville, GA 02446-8771

Phone: +337636892828

Job: Lead Hospitality Designer

Hobby: Urban exploration, Tai chi, Lockpicking, Fashion, Gunsmithing, Pottery, Geocaching

Introduction: My name is Ray Christiansen, I am a fair, good, cute, gentle, vast, glamorous, excited person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.